Representing Common Ground, 1890-1945Wendy Gan
Wendy Gan’s Comic China investigates the circumstances and motivations of cross-cultural humor. How do works that trade in laughter shape our understanding of Western discourses about China? Is humor meant to be inclusive or exclusive? Does it protect or challenge the status quo? Gan suggests that the simple, straightforward laugh may actually be a far more intricate negotiation of power relations.
Gan unpacks texts by authors who had little real contact with China as well as writers whose proximity to China influenced their representations. Looking beyond the familiar canon of serious modernist texts and the Yellow Peril classics of popular fiction, Gan analyzes turn-of-the-twentieth-century musical comedies set in the Far East, Ernest Bramah’s chinoiserie-inspired tales, and interwar travel writing. She also considers the comic works of the missionary Arthur Henderson Smith, the former Maritime Customs Officer J.O.P. Bland, and the Shanghai journalist and advertising man Carl Crow.
Though it includes humor that is less than complimentary to the Chinese, Comic China reminds us that laughter is tied to our common humanity. Gan navigates the humor used in comic depictions ultimately to find, not superiority or ridicule, but common ground.
" A well-balanced and exceptionally readable study of how humor functions in the realm of Anglo-Chinese encounters, Comic China challenges notions of Orientalism, the exotic, and constructions of ‘face.’ This refreshing account of how humor can subvert or recast hierarchies in the different contact zones features a lively and engaging tone that provides a good hinge for the book’s linkage of comedy and geopolitics. Comic China is a valuable addition to the vibrant field of studies that ‘China and the West’ is now becoming."
—Ross Forman, Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literary Studies at the University of Warwick and author of China and the Victorian Imagination: Empires Entwined
" What is really exciting about Comic China is the exemplary contribution that its thoroughgoing sinological expertise and literary scholarship make to this emergent interdisciplinary field. Carefully structured in its chronology, Gan’s book concentrates on a variety of publications that indicate or reflect the shift in Sino-West relations across the period. In an evenhanded and measured tone, Gan draws on less familiar texts and reorients our approach to others."
—Anne Witchard, Reader in English Studies in the Department of English, Linguistics and Cultural Studies at the University of Westminster and author of England’s Yellow Peril: Sinophobia and the Great War
"Gan looks at modern English-language comic writing about China between about 1900 and World War II.... The study looks at an impressively eclectic range of sources.... The strongest part of the book is its treatment of Emily Hahn.... (A) valuable introduction to some little-known texts."
— Pacific Historical Review