Transforming Knowledge

Second Edition

Elizabeth Kamarck Minnich
Book Cover

PB: $32.95
EAN: 978-1-59213-132-7
Publication: Dec 04

HC: $81.50
EAN: 978-1-59213-131-0
Publication: Dec 04

Ebook: $32.95
EAN: 978-1-4399-0476-3
Publication: Dec 04

312 pages
6 x 9

A new edition of a widely influential book engages with contemporary critiques of inequality and with recent global events


This is a book about how we define knowledge and how we think about moral and political questions. It argues that the prevailing systems of knowledge, morality, and politics are rooted in views that are exclusionary and therefore legitimate injustice, patriarchy, and violence. That is, these views divide humans into different kinds along a hierarchy whose elite still defines the systems that shape our lives and misshape our thinking.

Like the first edition of Transforming Knowledge, this substantially revised edition calls upon us to continue to liberate our minds and the systems we live within from concepts that rationalize inequality. It engages with the past fifteen years of feminist scholarship and developments in its allied fields (such as Cultural Studies, African American Studies, Queer Studies, and Disability Studies) to critique the deepest and most vicious of old prejudices. This new edition extends Minnich's arguments and connects them with the contemporary academy as well as recent instances of domination, genocide, and sexualized violence.

•Updated to consider recent scholarship in Gender, Multicultural, Postcolonial, Disability, Native American, and Queer Studies, among other fields of study

•Revised to include an extended analysis of the conceptual errors that legitimate domination, including the construction of kinds ("genders") of human beings

•Revised to include new materials from a variety of cultures and times, and engages with today's contemporary debates about affirmative action, postmodernism, and religion


"In Transforming Knowledge, Second Edition, Elizabeth Minnich dissects the fundamental errors underlying patriarchal thought systems and explains the resistances faced by those working towards an inclusive, truly democratic restructuring of knowledge. This welcome new edition offers the philosophical foundation for the urgent tasks of holistic thinking and a truly life- and earth-saving activism. A brilliant and indispensable book."
Gerda Lerner, Robinson-Edwards Professor of History, Emerita, University of Wisconsin-Madison, and author, Creation of Patriarchy, Creation of Feminist Consciousness, and Fireweed: A Political Autobiography

"Transforming Knowledge, Second Edition enacts the urgent ethical project of demonstrating that informed, careful thinking and passionate politics are fundamental to envisioning a just, liberal education, and a democratic public university. Minnich challenges the reader in her gentle yet sharply critical arguments to examine the epistemic confusions and errors that underlie disciplinary knowledges, curricular strategies, and research paradigms. A brilliantly persuasive, deeply pedagogical book by one of the most insightful and compassionate feminist philosophers writing today."
Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Professor of Women's Studies, Syracuse University, and author of Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity

Table of Contents

Introduction: Still Transforming Knowledge
I. Thinking: An Introductory Essay
Thinking about women, or, "Women's work is never done" • Thinking as philosophical fieldwork • Thinking in the New Academy • Some reframings of thinking from the New Academy: From The One to The Many, From nouns to verbs, From external (additive) to internal (transactional) relationalities, From divided to mutually formative theory and practice • Questioning "Theory" • Returning to the field
II. Still Transforming Knowledge: Circling Out, Pressing Deeper Classifying humans by kind • Conceptual errors as psychotic conceptualizations • Including nature • Re-ordering historical time • Rights, public/private—and privatization • Religion

Preface and Acknowledgments
A note on sources
A note on usage: "We", "Black"/"white" and entwined racializations, Scare quotes

1. No One Beginning
Centering critique • More personal beginnings • Speaking as and for ourselves • Why do curricula matter?

2. Contextual Approaches: Thinking About
Access to the curriculum: some background • Contemporary movements: equality, recognition • Early—and continuing—questions: Scholarship vs. politics?, The disciplines, "Lost women", "Add women and stir" • Critique and reflexive thinking: Thinking with and without the tradition • Public/private • Philosophical cultural analysis; psychotic cultural systems

3. Conceptual Approaches: Thinking Through
Conceptual errors: the root problem, Dividing by 'kind' • Some examples from the curriculum • A traditional story • Paideia • Novus ordo seclorum: ideals and practices in the "New World"

4. Errors Basic to Dominant Traditions
Faulty generalization & hierarchically invidious monism • Useful universals? Distinguishing thinking from knowing • Articulating the hierarchy: Sex/gender, class, racializations • "Reverse discrimination" • Taking the few to represent all: 'Markers' of particularity, Invisibility, Circular reasoning • Mystified concepts: Excellence, Judgment, Equality, Rationality, intelligence—and good papers, Liberal arts, Woman, Sex, Man, War, Gender • Partial Knowledge: Impartial, objective knowledge; Unanimity; Emotions, animals, morality; Undoing partial public authority; Personal, subjective, located knowledges: relativism? • Continuing resistance to transformation: Professionalization

5. Circling Back, Keeping Going
From errors to visions • Reclaiming intimacy, universality, public life • Thinking and acting

About the Author(s)

Elizabeth Kamarck Minnich is Core Professor at the Graduate College for Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences, The Union Institute and University. She has spoken and consulted on developing more inclusive curricula at colleges and universities in the U.S. and abroad. She has served as Chair of the North Carolina Humanities Council, on the Executive Committee of the Society for the Study of Women Philosophers, and the Committee on the Status of Women, both associated with The American Philosophical Association. In addition, she is the coeditor of Reconstructing the Academy: Women's Education and Women's Studies.