How Holocausts Happen

The United States in Central America

Douglas V. Porpora
Book Cover

PB: $39.95
EAN: 978-0-87722-923-0
Publication: Feb 92

HC: $39.50
EAN: 978-0-87722-750-2
Publication: Nov 90

Ebook: $39.95
EAN: 978-1-4399-0453-4
Publication: Nov 90

240 pages
5.5 x 8.25

A powerful indictment of U.S. intervention in Central America


"History repeats itself, but it never repeats itself exactly," observes Douglas Porpora in this powerful indictment of U.S. intervention in Central America. Comparing the general public’s reaction to the Holocaust in Nazi Germany with American public opinion of U.S. participation in the genocidal policies of Nicaraguan counter-revolutionary forces, and the governments of Guatemala and El Salvador among others, Porpora demonstrates that moral indifference to the suffering of others was the common response. With reference to Hannah Arendt’s thesis of the banality of evil, he develops the concept of a "Holocaust-like event" and examines how even a democratic society can be capable of something on the order of a Holocaust.

Unlike other accounts of the Holocaust and genocide, this book focuses on the citizenry served or ruled by genocidal governments rather than on the governments themselves. Porpora argues that moral indifference and lack of interest in critical reflection are key factors that enable Holocaust-like events to happen And he characterizes American society as being typically indifferent to the fate of other people, uninformed, and anti-intellectual.

Porpora cites numerous horrifying examples of U.S.-backed Latin American government actions against their own peasants, Indians, and dissident factions. He offers finally a theory of public moral indifference and argues that although such indifference is socially created by government, the media, churches, and other institutions, we, the public, must ultimately take responsibility for it. How Holocausts Happen is at once a scholarly examination of the nature of genocide and a stinging indictment of American society.


"This book is not a polemic treatise but a powerful, well-researched account that sensitizes any reader to the ways in which in-difference permits brutality and genocide."
John M. Swomley, St. Paul School of Theology, Kansas City

"Porpora has brought together materials and insights which extend the bounds of holocaust thinking, reveal new insights in the Nazi holocaust and the shaping of 'holocaust-like' events, and sensitize us to the ways in which indifference can allow genocides to take place. There is a sense in which Porpora's book is a call to action—a call for us to rise above our moral and political indifference, to take action against 'disempowerment' and the early signs of genocide-making by our governments. In the tradition of Thoreau, Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr., this book reminds us that we are human beings first and subjects afterwards; that we do not have a moral obligation to follow orders that brutalize our fellow human beings.... A powerful and well-researched account of the move from indifference to genocide, both in Nazi Germany and Central America."
Ronald E. Santoni, Maria Teresa Barney Professor of Philosophy, Denison University

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. The Banality of Evil
3. Moral Indifference, the Rise of Hitler, and the Extermination of the Jews
4. The Two Faces of Genocide in Central America
5. Has the United States Become a Party to Genocide? To a Holocaust-like Event?
6. How We Allowed Ourselves to Become a Party to Genocide
7. In the Footsteps of the Righteous

About the Author(s)

Douglas V. Porpora is Associate Professor of Sociology at Drexel University.