Gangs on Trial

Challenging Stereotypes and Demonization in the Courts

John M. Hagedorn, with a Foreword by Craig Haney
Book Cover

PB: $34.95
EAN: 978-1-4399-2231-6
Publication: Jan 22

HC: $110.50
EAN: 978-1-4399-2230-9
Publication: Jan 22

Ebook: $34.95
EAN: 978-1-4399-2232-3
Publication: Jan 22

246 pages
6 x 9
3 figs., 7 halftones, 1 map

Exposes how stereotypes replace evidence in gang related trials

Read the Introduction (pdf).

Description

    "Hagedorn has written an extremely courageous book, one in which he is willing to assert hard moral truths that cut against the grain of what passes for common knowledge about who commits crime and why."
    from the Foreword by Craig Haney

Prominent gang researcher John Hagedorn reveals that what transpires in the trials of gang members is a far cry from what we would consider justice. In Gangs on Trial, he uses stories from the 73 gang related court cases he consulted on to vividly describe how stereotypes are a prosecutor’s best friend. He shows how gang members are dehumanized in order to secure the most punitive sentences.

The Black Lives Matter movement exposed racism in policing. Gangs on Trial exposes racism in the courts. Hagedorn gives examples of how to combat stereotypes in trials and sentencing hearings, though he acknowledges this is an uphill struggle.

Hagedorn’s lively stories from the courtroom apply concepts from social psychology to understand injustice. He describes how jurors’ minds are subconsciously “primed” to transform a gang member on trial into a “prototype” of a violent monster. Rather than consider the social context of a crime or the real biography of the defendant, the prosecutor convinces the court that violence is part of the defendant’s nature and circumstances are less important or even irrelevant.

Hagedorn argues that dehumanization is the psychological foundation of mass incarceration. Gangs on Trial advocates for practical sentencing reforms, humanizing justice, and supports the movement for progressive prosecutors.

Reviews

Gangs on Trial is a great read—part memoir, part case study, and a full plea for the reform of our criminal legal system. Hagedorn takes readers on a journey of social psychology to disabuse the stereotypical threat and the often-misapplied label of ‘gang related.’ His book is essential reading for those involved in or concerned about criminal ‘justice.’ He provides thoughtfully told stories of heartbreak, redemption, and perseverance with attention paid to the racism and racial dynamics that are ever-present in the legal system. Finally, and most importantly, Hagedorn reminds us that compassion is integral to humanity and that we are all more than the worst thing we have ever done."
—Randolph Stone, retired Clinical Professor of Law at the University of Chicago and former public defender

Gangs on Trial provides a nuanced account of how prosecutors use racial stereotypes to accomplish the goal of pipelining gang-associated individuals into prison. Hagedorn asks more from the criminal justice system by providing brilliant strategies on how to contest these stereotypes and how to humanize those who find themselves encountering injustice."
—Victor M. Rios, Associate Dean of Social Sciences and Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and author of Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys

Table of Contents

Foreword by Craig Haney
A Note on Names
Acknowledgments

Introduction

PART I STEREOTYPES AND FRAMES
1. The Nature of Gang Stereotypes: What Is a “Gang-Related” Crime?
2. “Increasing Status in the Gang”: Fast Thinking and Overcharging in Gang-Related Crimes
3. Is This a Just World? How Stereotypes and Beliefs Change—A Personal Story
4. Frames and Facts: Contesting the Gang Frame
5. Cracks in the Frame: Subtyping and Stereotypes—A Personal Story
6. Crooked Frames: Giving Stereotypes a Boost

PART II DEHUMANIZATION
7. There Is No Such Thing as a Gang Member: Priming, Prototypes, and the Subconscious
8. Course Correction: Police, Racism, and China—A Personal Story
9. “Us” and “Them”: Racism and the Psychological Basis for Mass Incarceration
10. “I Did What You Said I Did. But I’m Not Who You Say I Am.”: Jacqueline Montañez and the Fundamental Attribution Error

PART III THE STRUGGLE FOR JUSTICE: REFRAMING STEREOTYPES AND OVERCOMING DEMONIZATION
11. Don’t Start Acting Human on Me Now: Prosecutors, Police, and Jail—A Personal Story
12. I Am Not a Hired Gun: Reframing and the Expert Witness Role
13. Humanizing Justice

Epilogue to the Stories
References
Index

About the Author(s)

John M. Hagedorn is Professor Emeritus of Criminology, Law, and Justice and James J. Stukel Faculty Fellow, Great Cities Institute at the University of Illinois, Chicago. He is the author or editor of seven books, including The In$ane Chicago Way: The Daring Plan by Chicago Gangs to Create a Spanish Mafia, A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture, and People and Folks: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City. Of his 73 gang-related court cases, 60 are for homicide, and 17 of which, the accused faced the death penalty.


Subjects

In the Series

  • Studies in Transgression edited by David Brotherton

    Studies in Transgression, edited by David Brotherton, publishes books at the intersection of sociology and critical criminology. This series challenges the normative conventions of the broader study of crime to produce a fuller accounting of a society’s responsibilities for and complicity in the threats and wrongdoing that come to be seen as police-able crimes. The series examines behaviors understood as transgressive by looking at the cultural assumptions that contextualize that reading and the structural factors that underlie those behaviors. Books in the series will examine marginal lifestyles and their relationship to crime around the Unites States and the globe.  Perspective authors should contact the series edtior David Brotherton or Temple University Press Editor Ryan Mulligan to discuss their work in progress for inclusion in the series.