Critical Studies in Organization and Bureaucracy

Edited by Frank Fischer and Carmen Siriani
Book Cover

PB: $48.95
EAN: 978-1-56639-122-1
Publication: Nov 93

704 pages
6 x 9

Approaches to organizational crises in the late twentieth century

Read the Introduction to Part I and Chapter 1 (pdf).


Contemporary scholarship and classic essays focus on the continuing crises in bureaucratic organizations and managerial authority. Rethinking and innovation in private, public, and nonprofit organizations emerge from case studies on schools, multicultural and feminist organizations, private corporations, environmental planning and regulation, alternative services, and attempts to "reinvent government."


"This is an excellent collection that provides a welcome alternative to many of the traditional readers on organizations and bureaucracies.... A very useful contribution." Paul DiMaggio, Yale University

"This group of essays provides a comprehensive overview for scholars and participants seeking to make organizations from humane and more effective." Dudley Burton, Brown University

Table of Contents

Preface to Revised Edition

Part I: Classical Problems and Perspectives 1. Bureaucracy – Max Weber 2. The Spirit of Bureaucracy and Beyond Bureaucracy – Karl Marx 3. Oligarchy – Robert Michels 4. Scientific Management – Frederick W. Taylor 5. The Real Meaning of Taylorism – Harry Braverman 6. Human Relations and Informal Organization – Fritz J. Roethlisberger and William J. Dickson 7. Three Patterns of Bureaucracy – Alvin W. Gouldner

Part II: Forms of Control and Divisions of Labor 8. Forms of Control in the Labor Process: An Historical Analysis – Richard Edwards 9. Machine Technology and Workplace Control: The U.S. Post Office – Peter Rachleff 10. Organizing Consent on the Shop Floor – Michael Burawoy 11. Women, Unions, and Participative Management – Louise Lamphere and Guillermo Grenier 12. Organizational Expertise and Bureaucratic Control: Behavioral Science Ideology – Frank Fischer 13. Reproducing Hierarchy: Job Evaluation and Comparable Worth in State Government – Joan Acker 14. Manufacturing Management Ideology: Corporative Culture and Control in Financial Services – Vicki Smith

Part III: Structure, Power, and Practices 15. The Rationing of Services in Street Level Bureaucracies – Michael Lipsky 16. Teaching in a Bureaucratic School – Susan Moore Johnson 17. Women and Power in Organizations – Rosabeth Kanter 18. Mentoring and Irrationality: The Role of Racial Taboos – David A. Thomas 19. Normal Accident at Three Mile Island – Charles Perrow 20. The Department of Defense and the Military-Industrial Establishment: The Politics of the Iron Triangle – Gordon Adams 21. Bureaucracy and the Regulation of Health and Safety at Work – Steven Kelman 22. Class and Politics in the Organization of Public Administration: The U.S. Department of Labor – Nancy DiTomaso 23. The AIDS Crisis and Organizational Failure – Charles Perrow and Mauro F. Guillén

Part IV: Organizational Alternatives and Social Change 24. The Collectivist Organization: An Alternative to Rational-Bureaucratic Models – Joyce Rothschild 25. Community-Owned Government: Empowering Rather than Serving – David Osborne and Ted Gaebler 26. The Algebra Project: Organizing in the Spirit of Ella – Robert Moses, Mieko Kamii, Susan McAllister Swap, and Jeffrey Howard 27. Worker Participation in Technological Change – Robert Howard and Leslie Schneider 28. Feminism and the Forms of Freedom – Jane Mansbridge 29. Learning Pluralism: Democracy and Diversity in Feminist Organizations – Carmen Sirianni 30. Internal Organization and Social Structure in Community Organizing: The Case of ACORN – Gary Delgado 31. Fishbowl Planning: Environmental Regulation, Economic Development, and Democratic Technique – Daniel Mazmanian and Jeanne Nienaber 32. Beyond NIMBY: Participator Approaches to Hazardous Waste Management in Canada and the United States – Barry Rabe

About the Editors

About the Author(s)

Frank Fischer teaches Political Science and Public Administration at Rutgers University and has published several books, including Technocracy and the Politics of Expertise and The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning.

Carmen Sirianni teaches Sociology at Brandeis University and is co-editor of the Labor and Social Change series at Temple University Press. His books include Worker Participation and the Politics of Reform (Temple) and Working Time in Transition (Temple).