Surgeons at Work
Publication: Jun 91
5.25 x 8.5
The world of surgeons from their own perspective
Expected Miracles explores the world of surgeons from their own perspectivehow they perceive themselves, their work, colleagues, and communities. Recognizing that surgery is an art, a craft, a science, and a business, Joan Cassell offers, through poignant, painful, and thrilling descriptions, a vivid portrayal of the culture of surgery.
Cassell has entered a realm where laypersons are usually horizontal, naked, and anesthetized. Using the central metaphor of the surgical "miracle," she illuminates the drama of the operating room, where surgeons and patients alike expect heroic performance. She takes us backstage to overhear conversations about patients, families, and colleagues, observe operations, eavesdrop on gossip about surgeons’ performances, and examine the values, behavior, and misbehavior of surgeons at work.
Said one Chief of Surgery, "You couldn’t have a good surgeon who didn’t believe in the concept of the Hero." Following this lead, Cassell explores the heroic temperament of those who perform surgical "miracles" and finds that the demands and pressures of surgical practice require traits that in other fields, or in personal interactions, are often regarded as undesirable. She observes, "surgeons must tread a fine line between courage and recklessness, confidence and hubris, a positive attitude and a magical one." This delicate balance and frequent imbalance is portrayed through several character sketches. She contrasts the caring attention and technical mastery of The Exemplary Surgeon with the theatrical posturing of The Prima Donna and the slick showiness and questionable morals of The Sleazy Surgeon.
She also identifies the attributes that surgeons admire in each other. They believe that only peers can really evaluate each other, and, while doctors might not speak negatively about colleagues in public, the community of surgeons exerts considerable pressure on its members to perform competently.
Unlike "doctor-bashing" chronicles, Expected Miracles seeks to understand the charismatic authority of surgeons, its instability, and its price-to surgeons and to patients.
Table of Contents
Cast of Characters Preface: Some Words for Social Scientists Acknowledgments Introduction: The Surgical "Miracle"
1. The Art, Craft, and Science of Miracles The Good Surgeon: Colleagues' Evaluations Looking Upward from the Table: A Patient's-Eye View Caring and Healing Can a Bad Person Be a Good Surgeon?
2. The Temperament of Surgeons "Be Ballsy: Do It!" Surgery as Ritual Drama The Price: The "Paranoia" of Surgeons The Price for Patients
3. The Fellowship of Surgeons The Fellowship Informal Learning during Training The Morality Play
4. Costing Out Miracles: The Business of Surgery Three Surgeons in Private Practice An Exemplary Surgeon in a Prepaid Health Plan "Full-Time" Men
5. A Day with a Compassionate Young Surgeon The Day The Burden
6. Let's Go for It!
7. Deadly Surgical Sins Vices of Excess Generative Sins Defects, or Character Flaws Deficiencies Judging Sins
8. It's No Fun Anymore Fun and War Games No Fun "The Disenchantment of the World" The Bureaucratization of Charisma The Erosion of Charisma Horror Stories: The Patient as Enemy
9. Expected Miracles What of Patients? Expecting Miracles
Coda: The Research Process Beginnings Access Refused Entrée Sample and Methods
Notes Glossary Bibliography Index