Critique of Applied Ethics

Reflections and Recommendations

Abraham Edel, Elizabeth Flower, and Finbarr W. O'Connor
Book Cover

PB: $35.95
EAN: 978-1-56639-158-0
Publication: Jun 94

HC: $78.50
EAN: 978-1-56639-157-3
Publication: Jun 94

Ebook: $28.95
EAN: 978-1-59213-081-8
Publication: Jun 94

288 pages
6 x 9
1 tables, 1 figs.

Distinguished philosophers critique applied ethics, past and present

Description

Over the past two decades, applied ethics has turned increasingly toward theories that explore ethical questions faced by a variety of professions and away from classic moral concerns. Abraham Edel, Elizabeth Flower, and Finbarr O'Connor utilize examples of professional, public policy, and personal decision making to illustrate the strengths and limitations of the application of ethics in a rapidly changing world.

They first discuss the emergence of applied ethics and how it functions within a philosophical tradition. They are not concerned, however, with solving the problems they expose, but with employing them as a means to critique applied ethics. Using human rights and health and welfare issues, the authors examine the subsequent ethical stumbling blocks that surround the "moral order" of these social concerns. Through a historical discussion of the abundant ethical theories posited since the Enlightenment, they suggest ways to decide which can serve as intellectual tools for applied ethics and consider how knowledge and experience enter into any moral decision.

Turning to the factors pertinent in the analysis and solution of moral problems, they dissect the underlying influences on the practice of ethics, the way in which a moral problem is diagnosed and its relevant contexts established, the ensuing conflicts between the concerns of the individual and of society, and the degree of inventiveness in issues of morality. The authors suggest that, instead of viewing theory as a set consequence derived from prior applications, relating theory to practice will engage a process of mutual aid, from which each element will learn, refining and improving the other.

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction

Part I: Philosophical Backgrounds for Applied Ethics
1. Practical Moral Problems in an Age of Rapid Technological and Social Change
2. Moral Orders
3. Ethical Theories: Intellectual Tools for Applied Ethics
4. Knowledge in Moral Decision

Part II: From Diagnosis to Moral Decision
5. Diagnosis
6. Context
7. Formulating the Ethical Issue
8. Jurisdiction, Roles, and Occupations: The Regionalization of Morality
9. Institution and Individual
10. Discovery and Innovation
11. The Decision Factor and Its Dimensions
12. Some Theoretical Conclusions, or How Practice Educates Theory


Notes
Index

About the Author(s)

Abraham Edel is Research Professor, University of Pennsylvania, and Distinguished Professor of Philosophy Emeritus, City University of New York. He has also written The Struggle for Academic Democracy: Lessons from the 1938 Revolution in New York's City Colleges (Temple).

Elizabeth Flower is Professor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania.

Finbarr O'Connor is Professor of Philosophy, Beaver College. The three collaboratively edited Morality, Philosophy, and Practice: Historical and Contemporary Readings and Studies (Temple).