Power, Participation, and Protest in Flint, Michigan

Unpacking the Policy Paradox of Municipal Takeovers

Ashley E. Nickels
Book Cover

PB: $32.95
EAN: 978-1-4399-1567-7
Publication: Oct 19

HC: $94.50
EAN: 978-1-4399-1566-0
Publication: Oct 19

Ebook: $32.95
EAN: 978-1-4399-1568-4
Publication: Oct 19

272 pages
5.25 x 8.5
11 tables, 4 figs., 5 halftones, 1 maps

The policy history of, implementation of, and reaction to Flint’s municipal takeovers


When the 2011 municipal takeover in Flint, Michigan placed the city under state control, some supported the intervention while others saw it as an affront to democracy. Still others were ambivalent about what was supposed to be a temporary disruption. However, the city’s fiscal emergency soon became a public health emergency—the Flint Water Crisis—that captured international attention.

But how did Flint’s municipal takeovers, which suspended local representational government, alter the local political system? In Power, Participation, and Protest in Flint, Michigan, Ashley Nickels addresses the ways residents, groups, and organizations were able to participate politically—or not—during the city’s municipal takeovers in 2002 and 2011. She explains how new politics were created as organizations developed, new coalitions emerged and evolved, and people’s understanding of municipal takeovers changed.

In walking readers through the policy history of, implementation of, and reaction to Flint’s two municipal takeovers, Nickels highlights how the ostensibly apolitical policy is, in fact, highly political.

About the Author(s)

Ashley E. Nickels is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Kent State University. She is the co-editor of Community Development and Public Administration Theory: Promoting Democratic Principles to Improve Communities.