From Theory to Practice
Publication: Jul 18
Publication: Jul 18
Publication: Jul 18
6 x 9
10 tables, 10 figs., 5 halftones, 2 maps
A comprehensive theoretical, empirical, methodological, and practical global overview of wildlife crimeRead the Introduction (pdf).
The editors and contributors to this comprehensive volume examine topical issues from extinction to trafficking in order to understand the ecological, economic, political, and social costs and consequences of these crimes. Drawing from diverse theoretical perspectives, empirical and methodological developments, and on-the-ground experiences of practitioners, Wildlife Crime looks at how conservationists and law enforcement grapple with and combat environmental crimes and the profitable market for illegal trade.
Chapters cover criminological perspectives on species poaching, unregulated fishing, the trading of ivory and rhino horns, the adoption of conservation technologies, and ranger workplaces and conditions. The book includes firsthand experiences and research from China, Indonesia, Kenya, Madagascar, Morocco, Peru, Russia, South Africa, Tanzania, and the United States. The result is a significant book about the causes of and response to wildlife crime.
Contributors include: Johan Bergenas, Avi Brisman, Craig Forsyth, Meredith Gore, Georg Jaster, Alex Killion, Kasey Kinnard, Antony C. Leberatto, Barney Long, Nerea Marteache, Gohar Petrossian, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Gary Roloff, Viviane Seyranian, Louise Shelley, Rohit Singh, Nicole Sintov, Nigel South, Milind Tambe, Daan van Uhm, Greg Warchol, Rodger Watson, Rob White, Madelon Willemsen, and the editor
"(A)n ideal primer for anyone not trained in criminology and interested in its application to biodiversity conservation. The book’s strength is in its comprehensive demonstration of the relevance of criminology to understanding the illegal wildlife trade, making it useful for interested conservation biologists and wildlife scientists.... A comprehensive introduction to how criminological theory and methods can be applied to illegal wildlife trade.... Excellent case studies illustrate theories, demonstrate the use of criminological methods, and show the significance of understanding the practical environment in which wildlife crime interventions are implemented.... The book also contains much interesting and engaging material.... that will be new and even surprising to most readers."
“Wildlife Crime deftly investigates conservation science issues, from trafficking and poaching to the management and monitoring of protected areas. William Moreto has compiled a superb collection of essays from academics with theoretical approaches and practitioners with on-the-ground experience to provide a definitive volume on key topics from a criminological standpoint.”—Dr. Richard Leakey, Chairman Kenya Wildlife Service and Professor of Anthropology at Stony Brook University
“ Poaching and wildlife trafficking have come to pose a major threat to species and biodiversity. Yet policies to counter it have exhibited highly inconsistent and often disappointing effectiveness. Moreover, many misconceptions pervade policy design and advocacy. By bringing together important insights from prominent criminologists, Wildlife Crime provides a most useful contribution, exploring how criminology concepts and successful strategies can be applied to a broad range of anti-wildlife-crime policies as well as in debunking myths of the illegal wildlife trade.”—Dr. Vanda Felbab-Brown, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution and author of The Extinction Market: Wildlife Trafficking and How to Counter It
"(A) multifaceted exploration of the field.... Moreto has demonstrated the role criminologists play in the study of wildlife crime, and more importantly, in its prevention. Wildlife Crime is unique in its offering of theoretical, methodological, and practitioner perspectives.... (It) is a must-read for emerging scholars and academics in the field." — Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books
"Wildlife Crime outlines how much can be gained by using a criminologist’s perspective to address the threats of poaching and the illegal wildlife trade. This text is a collection of insightful research eﬀorts from around the world....
Wildlife Crime exposes the complexity of wildlife crime and the strategies required to address it. This book also emphasizes the importance of understanding human sciences, how human emotion and ethics can inﬂuence law enforcement eﬀorts, policy, and law, and how people’s objectiﬁcation of wildlife creates diﬀerent illegal wildlife markets that threaten wilderness and global biodiversity."
— Journal of Wildlife Management
Table of Contents
Introduction: From Theory to Practice • William D. Moreto
PART I: THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS
1. Perspectives on Wildlife Crime: The Convergence of "Green" and "Conservation" Criminologies • Avi Brisman and Nigel South
2. Environmental Criminological Perspectives on Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing • Gohar A. Petrossian and Nerea Marteache
3. Paradoxes of Prevention: Situational, Contextual, and Political Economy Responses to Wildlife Crime • Rob White
4. Wildlife Crime and Criminal Organizations: Can the Theory of Enterprise Help Explain the Ivory and Rhino Horn Trade? • Greg Warchol
PART II: EMPIRICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS
5. The Convergence of Trade in Illicit Rhino Horn and Elephant Ivory with Other Forms of Criminality • Louise Shelley and Kasey Kinnard
6. Ordinary Folk Transformed: Poachers’ Accounts of Cultural Contests and History • York A. Forsyth and Craig J. Forsyth
7. “I Dislike It but This Is Where the Money Is”: Ecotourism, Nature-Based Entertainment, and Peru’s Illegal Wildlife Trade • Antony C. Leberatto
8. Talking about Illegal Business: Approaching and Interviewing Poachers, Smugglers, and Traders • Daan P. van Uhm
9. Interdisciplinary Intelligence Mapping to Reduce Conservation Crime Risks • Meredith L. Gore, Gary J. Roloff, Alexander K. Killion, Jonah H. Ratsimbazafy, and Georg Jaster
10. Adoption of Conservation Technologies • Nicole Sintov, Viviane Seyranian, and Milind Tambe
PART III: PRACTITIONER PERSPECTIVES
11. The Ranger Focus: Matching Technological Solutions to on-the-Ground Needs • Johan Bergenas
12. A Transdisciplinary Approach to Wildlife Crime Prevention • Madelon Willemsen and Rodger Watson
13. Examining Ranger Well-Being and Workplace Conditions: A Practitioner-Driven Study • Rohit Singh, Barney Long, and William D. Moreto