Believing in Cleveland
Managing Decline in “The Best Location in the Nation”
Publication: Nov 17
Publication: Nov 17
Publication: Nov 17
6 x 9
2 figs., 12 halftones, 2 maps
Explores how civic and business leaders used image-making in an effort to reimagine and revive Cleveland in the decades after World War IIRead the Introduction (pdf).
Detractors have called it "The Mistake on the Lake." It was once America’s "Comeback City." According to author J. Mark Souther, Cleveland has long sought to defeat its perceived civic malaise. Believing in Cleveland chronicles how city leaders used imagery and rhetoric to combat and, at times, accommodate urban and economic decline.
Souther explores Cleveland's downtown revitalization efforts, its neighborhood renewal and restoration projects, and its fight against deindustrialization. He shows how the city reshaped its image when it was bolstered by sports team victories. But Cleveland was not always on the upswing. Souther places the city's history in the postwar context when the city and metropolitan area were divided by uneven growth. In the 1970s, the city-suburb division was wider than ever.
Believing in Cleveland recounts the long, difficult history of a city that entered the postwar period as America's sixth largest, then lost ground during a period of robust national growth. But rather than tell a tale of decline, Souther provides a fascinating story of resilience for what some folks called "The Best Location in the Nation."
"In his finely detailed and meticulously researched study, (Souther) expertly traces the story of one beleaguered midwestern city’s initiatives to manage decline.... Souther’s work is a valuable resource. It deserves the serious attention of all students of urban America."
— Indiana Magazine of History
"In tracing the evolving production of images designed to confirm Cleveland's continued vitality in spite of the urban crisis that enveloped it in the mid-twentieth century, J. Mark Souther unveils the complex relationship between revitalization and decline. By penetrating the unified façade of the city's growth coalition, he reveals how competing approaches and contested perceptions complicated both recovery and public confidence in its success. Believing in Cleveland tests our understanding of how urban stakeholders reacted to decline and offers considerable insight into the perils of addressing revitalization in an important Rust Belt city."
—Howard Gillette Jr., Professor Emeritus of History, Rutgers University, and author of Camden after the Fall: Decline and Renewal in a Post-industrial City
"Believing in Cleveland makes an important contribution to urban policy scholarship. Instead of starkly alternating accounts of revitalization or decline, Souther shows that decline and resurgence have always coexisted in post–World War II metropolitan life. By including the downtown, residential neighborhoods, and industry in the same history—one that foregrounds citizens' best and worst efforts on behalf of their entire metropolis—this book upends clichés of monolithic, hollow boosterism and an artificial center/suburb divide. Cleveland offers a powerful story in its own right, but most U.S. cities will see themselves reflected in this illuminating mirror."
—Alison Isenberg, Professor of History, Princeton University, and author of Designing San Francisco: Art, Land, and Urban Renewal in the City by the Bay
"Believing in Cleveland is a powerful antidote to the simplistic, unidirectional narrative of decline that too often attends accounts of Rust Belt cities. Souther deftly interlaces stories of urban decay and revitalization, civic pessimism and optimism, despair over past mistakes and hope for a brighter future. Best of all, Souther traces these stories through real material spaces of the city. In the process, we see a wide range of actors at work and a city constantly grappling with its status in an urban nation. In this way, Believing in Cleveland sets a new standard for how we tell the story of postwar urban governance, municipal policy, and community development—a story where the richly layered interests of real people manifest in the streets, parks, plazas, and homes of the city."
—Joseph Heathcott, Associate Professor of Urban Studies, The New School, and co-author (with Angela Dietz) of Capturing the City: Photographs from the Streets of St. Louis, 1900–1930
"Historian Souther's meticulously researched book reexamines and, in his own word, 'complicate(s)' the understanding of the efforts expended by city politicians, civic leaders, and economic development professionals in their attempts to slow or reverse urban decline since WWII.... Readers will wonder if any of the projects proposed but abandoned would have produced different outcomes. Throughout, Souther maintains a balanced, dispassionate tone.... Summing Up: Highly recommended."
"(A) dense, exhaustively researched history of simultaneous growth and decline in Cleveland from the 1940s to the 1980s.... (Souther's) considered findings make for multiple valuable contributions to the understanding of mid-century urbanism.... Souther's focus on the importance of perceptions of a city, by its citizens and by outsiders, is one of the prime contributions of this book.... By investigating perceptions and their influence, Souther excels in illuminating Cleveland’s recent history."
—Journal of Urban Affairs
"Souther deals with Cleveland’s sad transformation and the attempts to reverse its fortunes in this deeply researched and well-written book.... (He) presents a nuanced and complex account of the city’s attempts at rebirth over several decades.... highly recommended."
— Journal of American History
Table of Contents
1. Rewinding Cleveland's Mainspring: Downtown Renewal, Urban Image, and the Metropolitan Future
2. City on Schedule: Fighting Blight to Save Cleveland's Cultural Heart
3. Greater Cleveland Growthland: Industrial Flight and Boosterism in "The Best Location in the Nation"
4. Believe in Cleveland: Carl B. Stokes and the Struggle to Redeem the City
5. "Color, Pizzazz, Magnetism, Lift": The Struggle to Enliven Downtown Cleveland in the 1970s
6. The "Ohio City Renaissance": The Contested Comeback on Cleveland's Near West Side
7. The Best Things in Life Are Here: Rebranding "The Best Location in the Nation"
About the Author(s)
In the Series
Urban Life, Landscape, and Policy edited by David Stradling, Larry Bennett, and Davarian Baldwin
The Urban Life, Landscape, and Policy Series, edited by David Stradling, Larry Bennett, and Davarian Baldwin, was founded by the late Zane L. Miller to publish books that examine past and contemporary cities, focusing on cultural and social issues. The editors seek proposals that analyze processes of urban change relevant to the future of cities and their metropolitan regions, and that examine urban and regional planning, environmental issues, and urban policy studies, thus contributing to ongoing debates.