Crossing the Border to India

Youth, Migration, and Masculinities in Nepal

Jeevan R. Sharma
Book Cover

HC: $69.50
EAN: 978-1-4399-1426-7
Publication: Jul 18

Ebook: $69.50
EAN: 978-1-4399-1428-1
Publication: Jul 18

190 pages
5.25 x 8.5
3 figs., 1 maps

How the changing political economy of rural Nepal informs the desire and agency of young male migrants who seek work in cities

Read the Introduction (pdf).


Given the limited economic opportunities in rural Nepal, the desire of young men of all income and education levels, castes, and ethnicities to migrate has never been higher. Crossing the Border to India presents an ethnography of male labor migration from the western hills of Nepal to cities in India. Jeevan Sharma shows how not only livelihood and gender but also structural violence impact a migrant’s perceptions, experiences, and aspirations.

Based on long-term fieldwork, this study captures the actual experiences of those who cross the border. Sharma shows that Nepali migration to India not only allows young men from poorer backgrounds to “save there and eat here” but also offers them a strategy for escaping the more regimented social order of the village. Additionally, migrants may benefit from the opportunities extended by the “open border” between India and Nepal to attain independence and experience a distant world. In fact, however, Nepali migrants are regularly subjected to extreme ill-treatment. Thus, while the idea of freedom is an important factor in Nepali men’s migration decisions, their actual experience often entails suffering and lack of freedom.

Table of Contents

Note on Nepali Words and Nepali and Indian Currency

1. Political Economy of Rural Livelihoods
2. History and Culture of Migration in Nepal
3. Leaving the Hills
4. Border Crossing
5. Marginal Migrant Workers in Indian Cities
6. Migrant Risk Behavior in Mumbai


About the Author(s)

Jeevan R. Sharma is a Lecturer in South Asia and International Development at the University of Edinburgh.


In the Series

  • Global Youth edited by Craig Jeffrey and Jane Dyson

    The Global Youth Book Series, edited by Craig Jeffrey and Jane Dyson, comprises research-based studies of young people in the context of global social, political and economic change. The series brings together work that examines youth and aspects of global change within sociology, anthropology, development studies, geography, and educational studies. Our emphasis is on youth in areas of the world that are often excluded from mainstream discussions of young people, such as Latin America, Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe, but we also welcome studies from Western Europe and North America, and books that bridge the global north and global south.