Sex and Race Differences in Offending, Victimization, and Gang Membership
Publication: Aug 10
Publication: Aug 10
28 tables, 13 figs.
The first comprehensive overview to examine how sex and race/ethnicity impact the interrelationships among youth violence, violent victimization, and gang membershipRead the Introduction (pdf).
Violence by and against youth continues to be one of the most challenging subjects facing criminologists. In this comprehensive and integrated analysis of the interrelationships of youth violence, violent victimization, and gang membership, Finn-Aage Esbensen, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor and Adrienne Freng seek to understand what causes youth violence and what can be done about it. Using the results from an inclusive study they conducted of eighth-graders in eleven American cities, the authors examine how the nature, etiology, and intersections of youth violence are structured by both sex and race/ethnicity. Youth Violence is pertinent to juvenile justice policy considerations. The authors frame their discussion within the public health perspective, focusing on risk factors associated with violent behavior. The findings address prevalence and incidence, as well as the demo-graphic correlates and cumulative effects of the risk factors associated with engagement in violence. Ultimately, the theories and research methodologies here are essential for understanding the dynamics of youth violence.
"Youth Violence is a thorough and clearly written analysis. There is no other work that systematically examines the intersection of violent offending, victimization, and gang membership with original empirical analyses. This is a compelling policy concern because it is crucial to understand whether we need customized prevention and intervention programs to address these different phenomena." —Cheryl L. Maxson, Associate Professor, Department of Criminology, Law, and Society, University of California, Irvine
"Youth Violence fills a clear void in the literature. The major strength of this book is its exhaustive analysis of the GREAT (Gang Resistance Education and Training Program) data in reporting the distribution and nature of violence among teenagers and gang members. The authors have written a useful book that provides a unique big picture view of gang violence and victimization. As such, it should be required reading among those who seek to understand the factors responsible for gang membership, violence, and violent victimization." —Chris Schreck, Department of Criminal Justice, Rochester Institute of Technology
"This book is clearly designed for consumption by researchers.... Summing Up: Recommended." —Choice
Table of Contents
Contents List of Figures and Tables Preface Chapter 1;Introduction PART IUnderstanding Youth Violence Chapter 2;Conceptual Framework Chapter 3;Research Design and Methodological Issues PART II;Types of Youth Violence Chapter 4;Youth Violence Chapter 5;Gang Membership Chapter 6;Violent Victimization Chapter 7;The Co-occurrence of Violence and the Cumulative Effect of Multiple Risk Factors PART III;Understanding and Responding to Youth Violence Chapter 8;Putting It All Together: A Theoretical Framework Chapter 9;Responding to Youth Violence Appendix:;Demographic and Risk Factor Measures References Index