City and Environment

Christopher Boone and Ali Modarres
Book Cover

PB: $32.95
EAN: 978-1-59213-284-3
Publication: Jun 06

HC: $86.50
EAN: 978-1-59213-283-6
Publication: Jun 06

Ebook: $32.95
EAN: 978-1-4399-0424-4
Publication: Jun 06

240 pages
6 x 9
10 tables, 7 figs., 5 halftones

An introduction to urban environmental issues around the globe

Read an excerpt from Chapter 1 (pdf).

Description

For the first time in history, more than half the people of the world now live in cities. Comprehending the impact of this widespread urbanization requires an awareness of the complex relationships between cities and natural ecosystems. This innovative book moves beyond the anti-urban lamentations that often dominate today's academic discourse to examine the evolution of cities and to illuminate the roles that humans play in shaping their environments, both natural and constructed. ; Christopher Boone and Ali Modarres argue that understanding the multiple forces of urbanization requires a holistic approach to the interactions of social, cultural, economic, political, and environmental factors. Without casting judgments, City and Environment seeks to engage readers in an exploration of cities from a truly global perspective. Throughout, it illuminates the social-ecological systems of cities not as an academic exercise-although informing academic audiences is one of its goals-but ultimately to help transform cities into livable and ecologically sustainable environments.

Reviews

"From ancient Mesopotamia to post-modern Los Angeles, Boone and Modarres provide a broad sweep of the relationship between urbanization and the environment. Their goal is ambitious—to see how cities and nature can co-exist in more sustainable ways—and their arguments are well-developed, well-supported and provocative all at the same time. Both important and accessible, City and Environment is highly recommended."Manuel Pastor, Latin American and Latino Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz

"Boone and Modarres offer a bold, synoptic approach to thinking about urban nature and the nature of urbanism, teasing out the complex ways in which cities interact with the environment. Encompassing topics ranging from urban farming and ecological footprints, sprawl and smart growth, urban pollution and health effects, and the challenge of achieving environmental justice, this book is an accessible, engaging introduction to contemporary urban political ecology. City and Environment is a sign-post on the road to crafting a more sustainable vision for 21st century cities."Jennifer Wolch, Professor of Geography & Planning, and Director, Center for Sustainable Cities, University of Southern California

"Most work on the urban environment starts off with an explicit assumption that cities are artificial, unnatural or just plain bad. Boone and Modarres start from a much more sophisticated and complex interdisciplinary position and are able to show, elegantly and convincingly, that there is plenty to be learned about the convergence of cities and nature."Andrew Kirby, Editor, Cities: The International Journal of Urban Policy & Planning

"This book fills a void in the literature. It is unique in offering a comprehensive approach to the study of the urban environment. The authors have synthesized a variety of source literature, which has been scattered across multiple disciplinary sources, into one book."Richard P. Greene, Northern Illinois University

"Planning hovers in the background...tak(ing) center stage (in) the final chapter, where the authors review urban growth boundaries, smart growth, and new urbanism. The comments are reasonable but brief."Planning

"Boone and Modarres’ analysis of the relationship of cities with their environments incorporates a variety of important topics relevant to several disciplinary fields. Beginning with descriptions of different city types across history, the authors draw on a wealth of data...and convincingly demonstrate the importance of exploring how cities can be made into livable, desirable places."Choice

"(A) timely discussion of the most likely dangerous consequences that mass urbanization with lave for the environment, before suggesting some of the possible solutions….This book has provided useful evidence in this direction(.)"Area

"Boone and Modarres do an excellent job synthesizing the relationship between cities and environment over time. The major strength of this book is that the authors combine historical understanding of the relationship between cities and the environment with discussion of possible future scenarios. This book is an excellent resource for both land use and urban geography courses….(T)he authors manage to use an interdisciplinary approach that leaves the reader with an excellent synopsis of how cities and the environment interact."The Pennsylvania Geographe

"The book is best seen as a compilation of essays around topics somehow related to city and environment.... rich in information on specific themes... the individual chapters may be interesting to students of a specific topic."The Journal of Housing and the Built Environment

"(C)risply written... it is a strength of the volume that it produces debate rather than closing it down by reaching constantly for the moral high ground. The authors are to be congratulated for producing an evenhanded treatment that will work well in advance undergraduate and introductory graduate courses."Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design

Table of Contents

Preface -;Main concepts and ideas of the book -;Chapter outline Chapter 1: Urban Morphology and the Shaping of an Urban Ideal" -;Inventing Cities -;Greek Cities and Urban Design -;Roman Cities: Urban Planning and Management -;European Cities in the Medieval Period -;Middle Eastern Cities: A Morphological Synopsis -;Renaissance and Baroque Cities: Rationalism and Urban Design -;Industrial Cities and the Search for Ideal Urban Form -;From Ur to Post-Modernism: Urban Form(s) in Perspective Chapter 2: Population, urbanization and environment - Population Growth -;Population and Urban History -;Historical Demography -;Population Dynamics: A Global History - Population Dynamics -;Population, Urbanization, and Consumption of Resources -;Population and Health -;The Politics of Population Control and Sustainable Urban Growth - What Happened in India? - Something Not So Funny Happened on the Way to Cairo Chapter 3: Feeding Cities that Consume Farmland -;Agricultural origins: cities as farmer's markets -;From hinterland to ecological footprint -;Urban sprawl and farmland loss -;Urbanization and agricultural intensification -;Urban agriculture Chapter 4: Urban Infrastructure: Living with the Consequences of Past Decisions and Opportunities for the Future -;Getting around the city: roads and transit -;Asphalt alternatives -;Transportation alternatives -;Limited access: a misnomer -;Watering and draining the city -;From dung heaps to concrete conduits: dealing with human waste Chapter 5: Healthy Cities and Environmental Justice -;Are cities unhealthy? -;Healthy cities movement -;Automobile cities are bad for your health -;Cars, walking, and cycling -;Transportation Planning and the 3-Ds: density, diversity, and design -;Environmental justice and health Chapter 6: Green spaces, green governance, and planning -;Parks in the City -;Playgrounds and Progressives -;City Beautiful and Monumental Greenspaces -;Garden Cities -;Suburbs and Private Greenspace -;Greenways: Ideal Urban Greenspace? -;Brownfields: Benefits and Barriers for Urban Redevelopment -;Urban Growth Boundaries and Greenbelts -;Smart Growth -;New Urbanism -;Pathways to a Sustainable Urban Future Tables Figure Captions

About the Author(s)

Christopher Boone is Associate Professor and holds joint appointments in the International Institute for Sustainability as well as the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University.

Ali Modarres is the Associate Director of the Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute of Public Affairs and a Professor in the Department of Geography and Urban Analysis at California State University, Los Angeles.


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